By Alfred Stein, Freek van der Meer, A. Stein, Freek D. van der Meer, Ben Gorte
This e-book is a set of papers on spatial records for distant sensing. The ebook emerges from a examine day that used to be equipped in 1996 on the foreign Institute for Aerospace Survey and Earth Sciences, ITC, in Enschede, The Netherlands. It was once via a number of potential a memorable occasion. the gorgeous new development, based on a layout via the recognized glossy Dutch architect Max van Huet was once simply opened, and this workshop used to be the 1st to ensue there. in fact, a lot went unsuitable throughout the workshop, particularly because the most up-to-date digital gear on a regular basis failed. however the workshop attrackted greater than hundred attendants, and used to be in general good got. the result of the workshop were released in Stein et al. (1998). the purpose of the workshop was once to handle problems with spatial records for distant sensing. The ITC has a protracted background on accumulating and interpreting satellite tv for pc and different distant sensing information, yet its involvement into spatial records is of a more moderen date. Uncertainties in distant sensing photos and the massive quantities of information in lots of spectral bands at the moment are thought of to be of such an influence that it calls for a separate process from a statistical perspective. to cite from the justification of the examine day, we learn: glossy verbal exchange capability similar to distant sensing require a complicated use of amassed facts. Satellites gather information with diversified solution on diversified spectral bands.
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Extra resources for Spatial statistics for remote sensing
The source of energy for optical remote sensing is the sun which can be regarded a blackbody with a temperature of approximately 6000 K. A blackbody is any material capable of absorbing and re-emitting all electromagnetic energy which it receives. g. its total radiant emittance per unit area in is proportional to the fourth power of its absolute temperature (T) as described in Stefan-Boltzmann’s law where is Stefan-Boltzmann’s constant A blackbody emits EMR at any wavelength, however its absolute temperature determines the maximum amount of transmitted energy and at which wavelength this peak in the emittance curve occurs.
The reflectance spectra of minerals are well known [189, 185, 186, 190, 191, 192, 193, 67, 84, 166] and several studies have been conducted to determine reflectance spectra of rocks [194, 195, 196, 197, 187, 188]. The reflectance characteristics of rocks can be simulated accurately by studying the compound effect of reflectance of minerals in a spectral mixture forming the rock. g. [166, 67]). Examples of minerals exhibiting absorption features resulting from electronic transitions are shown in Fig.
The approach resulted in a considerably improved classification accuracy.