New PDF release: Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World

By Chris Frith

Written by way of one of many world’s major neuroscientists, Making Up the Mind is the 1st obtainable account of experimental stories displaying how the mind creates our psychological world.

* makes use of facts from mind imaging, mental experiments and reports of sufferers to discover the connection among the brain and the mind
* Demonstrates that our wisdom of either the psychological and actual involves us via types created via our mind
* exhibits how the mind makes communique of rules from one brain to a different possible

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Extra resources for Making up the Mind: How the Brain Creates Our Mental World

Example text

When the eyes are opened, the appearance of the “real” physical world can seem strangely altered. My surroundings had now transformed themselves in more terrifying ways. Everything in the room spun around, and the familiar objects and pieces of furniture assumed grotesque, threatening forms. 18 18 The psychological effects of LSD were discovered by accident in 1943. A small amount of the drug soaked through the fingers of research chemist Albert Hoffman during a routine synthesis. During the following weeks he explored the effects of the drug and kept detailed notes, such as those cited here and in the previous extract.

But to be sure about this conclusion we need to perform a proper experiment in which we control the neural activity in the brain by direct stimulation. In some severe cases of epilepsy the seizures can be controlled only by cutting out the damaged area of the brain. Before cutting out the damaged area, the neurosurgeon must be sure that removal of this area will not interfere with some vital function such as speech. The great Canadian neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield pioneered the technique in which the sufferer’s brain is stimulated electrically in order to get some idea of the function of a particular area.

The brain seen from underneath showing the location of an area in the temporal lobe (on the right) that responds to faces. This area responds when one face is replaced by another, even when we are not aware of the change. , & Lavie, N. (2001). Neural correlates of change detection and change blindness. Nature Neuroscience, 4(6), 645–656. 6 The Hering illusion Even though we know the two horizontal lines are straight, we still see them as bowed. Edwald Hering, 1861. Our Distorting Brain Before the discovery of change blindness, visual illusions were the psychologists’ favorite trick.

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