By Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu, Monica Mahesh Savalani
This ebook highlights crucial facets of sustainability within the Additive production (AM) box in separate volumes. It demonstrates the main points of this expertise and examines its implications for sustainability through the complete product lifestyles cycle, embedded carbon, and destiny learn efforts that may be essential to flow this know-how in the direction of sustainable mainstream creation. Sustainability is not anything new for any commercial box, and AM isn't any exception. hence, industrialists and scientists alike are intensively engaged in study to advertise sustainability during this very important field.
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Extra info for Handbook of Sustainability in Additive Manufacturing: Volume 2
Salonitis 1000 Chamber Heating 900 Energy consumption [J] Base Plate Heating 800 Laser Layer Preaheating 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Layer number Fig. 11 Energy losses per layer for the three preheating methods  1000 Chamber Heating 900 Energy consumption [J] Base Plate Heating 800 Laser Layer Preaheating 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Layer number Fig. 12 Energy losses per layer for the three preheating methods in a speciﬁc powder bed of area  melted during SLM processing; that is, powder is theoretically only deposited in the area of the actual twin cantilever geometry.
In the third part, we study the few works that take into account all the flows consumed to determine an associated environmental impact. And at the end of this section, we show the possibilities offered by AM processes on the whole life cycle of a product. 1 Electric Energy Consumption of AM Processes First Study: Luo et al. In a ﬁrst approach, in order to estimate the environmental performance of AM processes, a number of studies were interested in their electric energy consumption. This ﬁrst approach allows us to compare, on a simple criterion, the AM processes between themselves and even to compare them with the more traditional ones.
CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 61:43–46 68. Oda Y, Mori M, Ogawa K, Nishida S, Fujishima M, Kawamura T (2012) Study of optimal cutting condition for energy efﬁciency improvement in ball end milling with tool-workpiece inclination. CIRP Ann Manuf Technol 61:119–122 69. Hao L, Raymond D, Strano G, Dadbakhsh S (2010) Enhancing the sustainability of additive manufacturing. In: ICRM2010-Green Manufacturing, Ningbo, China, pp 390–395 70. Kara S, Li W (2011) Unit process energy consumption models for material removal processes.