By Organization for Economic Cooperation &
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Extra resources for Corporate Governance of State-Owned Enterprises: A Survey Of OECD Countries
On average, more than a half of SOEs are fully owned by the state and 20% are majority owned; on average, almost three quarters of SOEs are fully or majority controlled/owned by the state. This is particularly true in countries such as Czech Republic, Korea, New Zealand and Sweden. It is important, moreover, to see that the variance among OECD countries is quite small: almost all of them have around the 60-90% of their SOEs majority or totally owned. In Australia, Belgium and Turkey, all SOEs are fully or majority owned.
Better identify the ownership function: ● a dedicated entity to improve strategic thinking, transparency and to reinforce boards; ● accountability of this entity: report by the state on its shareholdings to the Parliament and the public. C. Protect minority investors: ● the state should not abuse its controlling position to impose strategy or concession conditions not compatible with long term interest of the SOE. Part 2: The State as Share Owner A. Set up a dedicated entity, State Participation Agency (APE): ● will fulfil all the ownership functions; ● under the supervision of the Ministry of Finance; ● determine representatives to SOE boards; ● ensures coordination with other state functions, through an Orientation Committee; ● codifies which business or strategic decisions require information/ consultation/agreement by the state; ● reduces as far as possible day to day management intervention by the state; ● appropriate reporting by SOEs to this Agency.
Australia, to a maximum of 115 for the Slovak Republic. Otherwise, roughly one half of the countries has between 50 and 100 SOEs (Canada, France, the UK, Austria, Japan, Sweden and Finland), and the other half between around 25 and 50 SOEs (Greece, the Netherlands, Spain, Turkey, Germany, New Zealand, Korea, Denmark, Norway, Italy). However, while the number of SOEs might indicate the administrative burden involved, the size of each economy differs to such extent that care is required in interpretation.